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Who are the Largest Farmland Owners in the United States?

Updated: Jun 10

Who are the Largest Farmland Owners in the United States?

Farmland ownership in the United States is a topic of great interest, particularly when it comes to the largest landowners.  As of 2021, as reported by the Land Report, 100 of the top landowners collectively possess over 40 million acres of land in the United States that is prime farmland. This accounts for approximately two percent of all agricultural land in the country.


Who are the largest farmland owners in the U.S.?


1. Bill and Melinda Gates


Bill Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, and his former wife Melinda Gates are not only renowned philanthropists but also owners of significant farmland. Their investments in farmland are managed through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Trust. Melinda left the Gates Foundation in June 2024.


2. The Wonderful Company (Stewart and Lynda Resnick)


Stewart and Lynda Resnick, entrepreneurs behind The Wonderful Company, have made a name for themselves in the agricultural industry. Their company owns a substantial amount of farmland, particularly in California, and is involved in the production of fruits, nuts, and other agricultural products.


3. John Malone


John Malone, a prominent media executive and business magnate, has been reported to own large tracts of land, including ranches. His land holdings encompass both agricultural and recreational properties.


4. Ted Turner


Ted Turner, the media entrepreneur and founder of CNN, is known for his extensive land holdings, particularly ranches. His properties are not only involved in bison ranching but also serve as conservation areas.


5. Stan Kroenke


Stan Kroenke, a businessman and sports team owner, owns substantial agricultural land, including ranches in various states. His diverse land holdings encompass both agricultural and recreational properties.


Business-Related Goals for These Farmland Owners

Wealthy individuals and entities, drawn by the potential long-term value and diversification benefits, often consider farmland as an attractive real estate investment opportunity. Some of the largest private landowners in the United States acquire and hold farmland to secure valuable assets that can be appreciated over time, making farmland investments a smart choice. However, the extensive ownership of farmland by such entities can lead to increased land prices, creating challenges for smaller or individual farmers who may struggle to acquire or expand their holdings in the face of rising costs.


In the realm of agricultural enterprises, companies like The Wonderful Company pursue a strategy of vertical integration, seeking complete control over the supply chain of their agricultural products. While this approach may present challenges for independent farmers, as it can limit their market access or bargaining power, it also creates opportunities for collaboration and partnerships. Through working together, independent farmers can potentially benefit from the resources and market presence of larger agricultural enterprises.


Some landowners, like the notable example of Ted Turner, hold vast tracts of land primarily for conservation purposes, biodiversity protection, and sustainable land management. While this stewardship has positive environmental impacts and contributes to the preservation of natural habitats, it may limit the availability of land for traditional farming practices. This can have implications for farmers who rely on agricultural activities as their livelihood, as it reduces the amount of land accessible for their operations.


Philanthropic foundations, such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, may also invest in farmland as part of their broader mission to address global challenges and promote sustainable development. While these investments support important initiatives, they can also influence land markets and potentially displace smaller farmers who may struggle to compete with the financial resources of larger entities.


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Different Farmland Uses from these Landowners

The ownership of expansive properties by certain landowners, such as Stan Kroenke, for recreational purposes can have a significant impact on local communities and economies. These properties, often sprawling and picturesque, attract tourism and outdoor enthusiasts, driving revenue and job opportunities in the area. The presence of such properties can also lead to the development of supporting industries like hospitality, restaurants, and outdoor recreational services.


On the other hand, it's important to note that the ownership of these expansive properties does not directly affect traditional farming practices. Traditional farmers, who rely on their land for agricultural production, operate independently of recreational property owners. However, the broader landscape of land ownership can indirectly impact traditional farming practices.


In recent years, industrial-scale farming operations carried out by large corporations have become more prevalent. These operations involve the consolidation of land to achieve efficient agricultural production. While this consolidation can lead to increased productivity and lower costs, it also poses challenges for smaller farmers. Smaller farmers may struggle to compete with the economies of scale achieved by these corporate giants, facing difficulties in accessing resources, markets, and maintaining profitability.


As a result, the dynamics between the ownership of expansive properties for recreational purposes and industrial-scale farming operations can have complex implications for local communities, economies, and the agricultural sector as a whole.

The ownership of vast amounts of farmland by individuals, families, and entities mentioned in this blog post holds significant implications for independent farmers. It is crucial to comprehend the underlying reasons behind such ownership and the potential impacts it may have on the agricultural landscape. By delving into these dynamics, we can strive towards a more sustainable and inclusive future that benefits all farmers.


LandGate's LandApp tool contains ownership information for every U.S. parcel of land. For just $10 per month, users can search for a property by owner or organization name, revealing the exact location of the properties.




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