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Agribusiness: Factors, Challenges, and Lease Agreements

Updated: Jan 26


photograph of hands holding a clipboard and paper with plants in the background

Discover the key factors influencing the agribusiness industry, from economic conditions and environmental factors to technological advancements. Explore the challenges faced by the industry and the benefits of agricultural lease agreements.



Factors Influencing the Agribusiness Industry


Economic Conditions


The performance of the agribusiness relies on various factors, including the economy. Over the past 5 years, there has been a significant increase in performance driven by the growth in free-trade agreements, the exploration of biofuels as alternative energy sources, and the interest in genetically modified seeds. As the global economy recovers, exports are predicted to generate high and stable revenue. Other factors influencing performance include the agricultural price index, natural disaster index, trade-weighted index, GDP, and population.


Environmental Factors


Weather also affects the agribusiness industry, with nationwide droughts causing crop prices to rise, while surpluses lead to price drops and decreased revenue for farmers. Weather patterns also greatly affected the value of agricultural land across the U.S. in general. Climate change has been a concern for some time, with its effects ranging from unpredictable weather patterns to water scarcity. This is a significant factor that agribusinesses must consider in their long-term planning and risk management strategies.


Technological Advancements


Advances in technology have transformed the agribusiness industry, making it more efficient and innovative. Precision agriculture techniques, such as the use of drones, satellite imagery, GIS systems, and GPS technology have enabled farmers to make data-driven decisions that maximize their yield while minimizing costs. New farming technology has also emerged, utilizing sensors, robotics, and artificial intelligence to optimize crop growth and manage resources more sustainably.



The State of the Agribusiness Industry


The agribusiness industry is a crucial part of the global economy, providing food and other important resources for both domestic and international consumption. According to the World Bank, agriculture accounts for around 4.3% of the world's gross domestic product (GDP), and employs over 26% of the global workforce.


Despite its importance, the agribusiness industry faces numerous challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity, and market fluctuations. In fact, during the most recent economic recession, the agricultural business revenue declined because the demand and prices of goods declined. These factors make it difficult for agribusinesses to maintain steady profits and growth. However, one solution that has been increasingly utilized by agribusinesses is lease agreements.



Benefits of Agricultural Lease Agreements


A popular way that farmers make money from their land is through leasing. Land leasing is a legal agreement between a tenant and the land owner that allows the tenant to build structures (like a billboard) on the land for an extended period of time. Landowners can also lease land for renewable energy, such as for solar farms or wind farms.


Tenants benefit from not paying property taxes on leased land; they only pay taxes on the structures they build or any changes made to the land. Property taxes are higher for land closer to major highways, where tenants typically prefer to locate their structures. Energy-efficient changes and business expenses provide tax deductions. Another benefit to landowners is that they don't have to report land sales as capital gains. Instead, they report rental income at a lower tax rate. Both the landowner and tenant can deduct these taxes.


Lease agreements provide a more stable income for landowners as they receive regular payments from their tenants. This helps them plan for the long-term and invest in their land without worrying about fluctuations in crop prices or weather patterns. For agribusinesses, leasing allows them to access land without having to purchase it outright, which can be costly. This enables them to expand their operations and increase their profitability without taking on significant financial risks.


Moreover, lease agreements can also foster mutually beneficial relationships between landowners and agribusinesses. By having a long-term agreement in place, both parties are invested in maintaining the land's productivity and sustainability. This can lead to better land management practices and a more sustainable agribusiness industry overall.


Learn about your land's value for different leasing opportunities in LandGate's free property reports and list your land for lease for free on our online marketplace to see what you can earn today!




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