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What to Know When Picking Property for Homesteading

What to Know When Picking Property for Homesteading

Homesteading, once a necessary way of life for many in the past, has experienced a resurgence, drawing modern individuals and families seeking self-sufficiency, sustainability, and a connection to the land. The appeal of homesteading is in its promise of a more natural and meaningful existence, but the choice of land is fundamental to realizing this dream.


Selecting the right piece of property for homesteading is a complex process that involves assessing various elements, from natural resources to local regulations. With LandGate’s unique marketplace, buying land is quick and easy. Property buyers search specifically for homesteading properties and can filter the marketplace to discover properties for sale.

For property buyers wanting to filter listings even more specifically can utilize LandGate’s LandApp tool! Subscribers can view soil types for potential septic system or home constuction, view up-to-date property lines, and search for properties with natural water sources, dirt roads, or wooded land. Buying homestead property should be easy! 

Homesteading and Its Enduring Allure

Homesteading is much more than a lifestyle; it's a philosophy rooted in the desire for independence and environmental stewardship. Homesteaders aim to produce their food, live off the grid, and create a sustainable way of life. 

Today's homesteading movement champions organic agriculture, renewable energy, and a return to traditional values. The motivation behind choosing this way of life can vary, including concerns about the environment, food security, or simply a longing for a simpler, slower-paced existence.

Location Factors: The Literal Groundwork of Homesteading

The adage "location, location, location" rings especially true when selecting a homestead property to buy. Climate, soil quality, and water availability have tangible effects on your ability to grow food and live sustainably. Consider the following:

  • Climate: Choose a climate that aligns with your agricultural goals. Certain crops thrive in specific temperature ranges and sunlight conditions. Frost dates, growing seasons, and annual precipitation will significantly impact your planting calendar and what you can grow.

  • Soil Quality: Good, healthy soil is the bedrock (literally) of any homesteading endeavor. Soil tests can reveal nutrient levels, pH balance, and other critical factors that indicate its viability for agriculture.

  • Water Availability: Adequate, reliable water sources are non-negotiable for a successful homestead. Whether you rely on natural streams, wells, or rainwater catchment systems, secure access to water is vital for crops, livestock, and personal use.

Popular States for Homesteading in the United States

In the quest for the perfect homesteading location, certain states stand out due to their welcoming policies, abundant natural resources, and supportive communities. While the best state for you depends on your personal preferences, agricultural goals, and lifestyle aspirations, some states have become particularly popular among the homesteading community.

  • Tennessee: Known for its mild climate, fertile soil, and low cost of living, Tennessee offers a vibrant homesteading community. Its diverse ecosystems allow for a broad range of agricultural activities.

  • Idaho: With ample access to water, a variety of microclimates, and affordable land, Idaho is a haven for homesteaders looking to live off the grid. The state's rugged beauty and outdoor recreation opportunities only add to its appeal.

  • Texas: Offering vast lands and a variety of climates, Texas appeals to those looking to raise livestock or practice large-scale agriculture. The state's independence-driven ethos aligns well with the homesteading philosophy.

  • Missouri: Missouri's affordable land, beneficial climate, and lenient building codes make it an attractive option for new and experienced homesteaders alike. The state also has a strong agricultural tradition, providing a supportive environment for homesteading enterprises.

Each of these states offers unique advantages for homesteaders, from regulatory environments that support sustainable living to communities that value self-sufficiency. However, prospective homesteaders must carefully consider their own needs and goals when choosing the best state for their homesteading dreams.

Land Size and Zoning

The size of the property you need for homesteading depends on your goals and the degree of self-sufficiency you seek. Generally, more land allows for a more diversified and resilient homestead, but it also means more work and potentially higher costs. Consider:

Acreage Needed

Start with an assessment of your needs. How much land do you need for gardens, pastures, and orchards? Will you have enough space for animals? Remember to plan for water and wildlife conservation areas if applicable.

Zoning Regulations

Zoning laws can impact your ability to farm, build shelters, and even the types of livestock you keep. Familiarize yourself with local regulations and restrictions before purchasing. Some areas may have agricultural-specific zoning that provides certain allowances for farming activities.

Infrastructure and Resources

Assessing the infrastructure of the land you intend to buy is critical for making well-informed investment decisions that will benefit you in the long run. Take the time to thoroughly evaluate whether the property has any existing structures or infrastructure that can be repurposed to suit your needs. This could include buildings like barns, greenhouses, or animal shelters, which, if in good condition, can save you a significant amount of time and money during the initial setup of your homestead.

Consider the availability of essential utilities such as water, electricity, and gas. If these utilities are not readily available on the property, it's important to assess the costs and logistical aspects of implementing off-grid solutions. Options like solar panels, wind turbines, and water wells can provide sustainable alternatives to traditional utility sources.

In addition to utilities, think about the proximity of the property to resources like lumber, markets, and community amenities. These factors can have a direct impact on your daily life and influence the availability of materials for any home improvement projects or maintenance tasks you may undertake. Taking these details into account will help you make a more informed decision when purchasing land for your future homestead.

Ecosystem and Biodiversity

A biodiverse ecosystem signals a thriving environment, which is crucial for sustainable living. Observe the flora and fauna present on your land to leverage them for your homesteading objectives, such as utilizing natural pest control methods or implementing rotational grazing techniques. Explore the property's potential for sustainable land management strategies like permaculture and regenerative agriculture. Keep an eye out for pleasant surprises such as wild berries or lush meadows for those who choose wisely.

The thoughtful selection of property with a diverse ecosystem not only supports a variety of crops but also facilitates the integration of animal husbandry into the homesteading plan. A balanced ecosystem encourages a healthy crop rotation that can enhance soil fertility and reduce pests and diseases.

For instance, nitrogen-fixing plants can enrich the soil, making it more productive for other crops in subsequent seasons. When it comes to selecting crops, consider those that are native or well-adapted to the region’s climate and soil type, as these will require less water, fertilizer, and pest control.

In terms of animal rearing, the diversity of the land offers numerous benefits. For example, chickens can contribute to pest control and provide eggs, while goats or sheep can manage weed growth and yield milk or wool. Larger animals, like cows, require more space and resources but can offer a return in meat, dairy products, and even labor.

Integrating livestock into the farm can create a closed-loop system where animals and crops support one another—animals provide manure for fertilizing crops, while certain crops and their residues can feed the animals. This symbiotic relationship between plant cultivation and animal husbandry is essential for developing a sustainable and productive homestead.

Community and Services

Even the most self-sufficient homesteader needs to engage with the local community and have access to certain services:

  • Proximity to Towns: How close do you want to be to civilization? Some homesteaders crave seclusion, while others prefer the security and amenities of being near a town.

  • Emergency Services: Access to medical care and emergency services should be factored into your decision. Rural areas may have limited services, which could add complexity to a homesteader's life.

  • Schools and Education: If you have or plan to have children, the availability and quality of local schools will be important. Alternative education options in rural settings, such as homeschooling cooperatives, can also influence your decision.

Budget and Financial Considerations

Homesteading, akin to embarking on any significant lifestyle shift, necessitates a comprehensive financial strategy to ensure sustainability. When delving into homesteading, the financial demands are contingent on variables such as the property chosen and your objectives.

Begin by factoring in the purchase price of the property, cost of living, moving expenses, and any preliminary development or restoration undertakings. It's vital to meticulously calculate ongoing expenses like property taxes, insurance, maintenance, and supplies. Moreover, ponder on the financial sustenance aspect - will your homestead serve as a full-time pursuit, or will supplementary off-farm income be necessary?

Tailoring the property to align with your requirements might entail substantial investments in infrastructure such as roads, fencing, and constructing a residence or outbuildings. Crafting a detailed development blueprint is crucial to accurately anticipate and budget for these expenses.

Homesteading Begins with Land

Homesteading is a way of life that starts with a piece of land. The right property will be your partner in realizing a vision of self-sufficiency and sustainable living. It is not a decision to be taken lightly. By considering the factors discussed in this guide and conducting thorough research, you will be well on your way to creating a modern homestead that's both fulfilling and resilient. Remember, the land you choose will shape your daily life and the legacy you leave. 


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